Situated on the north-western border of India, the city is also gateway for the travelers on the overland route through Pakistan. The Wagah border, which is the check-post is about 29 kms away. Amritsar literally means "the pool of nectar", the name derived from a pool constructed at the sacred site in the 16th century.
Shahid Ganj Sahib
GURUDWARA SHRI BABA DEEP SINGH JI SHAHEED is situated in the prikarma of GURUDWARA SHRI HARIMANDIR SAHIB AMRITSAR. BABA DEEP SINGH JI was the leader of the famous " Shaheedan Di Missel " among the 12 missels. Apart from getting the GURU GRANTH SAHIB'S saroop written, he also actively participated in all the major battles that took place in the 18th century. In the year 1757 when BABA DEEP SINGH JI got the news that Taimurshah & Jahan Khan have shown disrespect for SHRI DARBAR SAHIB and also started filling the holy sarovar, even though BABA JI was in old age he carried a 18 ser heavy Khanda in his hand to free SHRI DARBAR SAHIB.
On Sunday April 13, 1919, which happened to be 'Baisakhi', one of Punjab's largest religious festivals, fifty British Indian Army soldiers, commanded by Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women, and children without warning.
Durgiana Temple (Lakshmi Narain Temple)
Built in the third decade of the 20th Century it echoes, not the traditional Hindu temple architecture, but that of the Golden Temple and, in a similar manner rises from the midst of a tank and has canopies and the central dome in the style of the Sikh temple. One of the greatest reformers and political leaders of resurgent India, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, laid its foundation stone. It is a well-known repository of Hindu scriptures.
"Wagah (or Wagha) is a border town straddling the line between Pakistan and India, 27 km from Amritsar(India). This is the only crossing point between Pakistan and India that is regularly open to foreigners."
There is daily flag raising and lowering ceremony at Wagah Border, done with fascinating pomp and ceremony that involves lots of tall soldiers in massive turbans goose-stepping about and slamming gates. Both the Indian and Pakistani border forces do this and it has become a tradition for people from both sides gather and see this. Both sides synchronize their parade and the entire event is meant to create a feel-good/patriotic fervour amongst the crowd. It is called the beating retreat ceremony.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh's reign was also known for all round development, secular values and patriotic fervour. Keeping all these aspects in mind, the Amritsar has come up with many such things that reminds one of Maharaja Ranjit Singh's rule.
The National Council of Science Museums in cooperation with the State government has recently set up Maharaja Ranjit Singh panorama, which is only second of its kind in the country. Spread on a sprawling 4.5 acres of land in the historic Rambagh heritage Garden, the panorama with its long, cylindrical architecture, is an all-captivating marvel for visitors.
The foundation for the Gobindgarh fort was set during the mid 18th century by the Bhangi misl community’s leader. The fort was initially a symbolic representation of Punjab in such a way that anybody who conquered the fort was believed to have conquered the state of Punjab itself. This structure is mostly made from brick and lime. It was earlier known as Bhangian Da Kila, it was later renamed as Gobindgarh after the tenth and last Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh. Sometime during the 19th century, this fort came under the control of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and he added valour and elegance to the already mighty building. A moat and numerous bastions were constructed around the fort and the Raja’s priceless treasures, including the famous Kohinoor diamond was kept safely protected within the huge walls of the fort.
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